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Sioux Indians include the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota divisions

Souix Indians, or the great Sioux Nation as they are also known, are divided into three main divisions: the Lakota, the Dakota, and the Nakota. These divisions are based on the language dialects spoken.

The Sioux maintain many separate tribal governments scattered across several reservations and communities in the Dakotas, Minnesota, Nebraska, and also in Manitoba and southern Saskatchewan in Canada.

Santee Sioux (Dakota)

Santee Sioux T-shirt
The Santee people migrated north and westward from the south and east into Ohio then to Minnesota. The Santee were a woodland people who thrived on hunting, fishing and subsistence farming. Migrations of Anishinaabe/Chippewa people from the east in the 17th and 18th centuries, with muskets supplied by the French and British, pushed the Santee further into Minnesota and west and southward, giving the name "Dakota Territory" to the northern expanse west of the Mississippi and up to its headwaters.

Yankton-Yanktonai Sioux (Nakota)

Oglala Sioux T-shirt
The Ihanktowan-Ihanktowana, or the Yankton ("campers at the end") and Yanktonai ("lesser campers at the end") divisions consist of two bands or two of the seven council fires. According to Nasunatanka and Matononpa in 1880, the Yanktonai are divided into two sub-groups known as the Upper Yanktonai and the lower Yanktonai (Hunkpatina). The Yankton-Yanktonai moved into northern Minnesota. In the 1700s, they were recorded as living in the Mankato region of Minnesota.

Teton Sioux (Lakota)

Lakota Sioux T-shirt
The western Santee obtained horses, probably in the 17th century (although some historians date the arrival of horses in South Dakota to 1720), and moved further west, onto the Great Plains, becoming the Titonwan tribe, subsisting on the buffalo herds and corn-trade with their linguistic cousins, the Mandan and Hidatsa along the Missouri.

The Sioux are divided into ethnic groups, the larger of which are divided into sub-groups, and further branched into bands. The Yankton-Yanktonai, the smallest division, reside on the Yankton reservation in South Dakota and the Northern portion of Standing Rock Reservation, while the Santee live mostly in Minnesota and Nebraska, but include bands in the Sisseton-Wahpeton, Flandreau, and Crow Creek Reservations in South Dakota. The Lakota are the westernmost of the three groups, occupying lands in both North and South Dakota.

  • Santee Sioux division (Dakota)
    • Mdewakantonwan ("Dwellers of Spirit Lake")
      notable persons: Taoyateduta
    • Sisitonwan (Sisseton, "Dwellers of the Fish Grounds")
    • Wahpekute ("Leaf Shooters")
      notable persons: Inkpaduta
    • Wahpetonwan ("Dwellers among the Leaves")
  • Yankton-Yanktonai division (Nakota)
    • Ihanktonwan (Yankton, "End Village")
    • Ihanktonwana (Yanktonai, "Little End Village")
      notable persons: Wanata
    • Stone sub-division (Nakoda)
      • Assiniboine
      • Stoney
  • Titonwan/Teton division (Lakota) ("Dwellers on the Prairie")
    • Oglala ("Those who Scatter their own")
      notable persons: Crazy Horse, Red Cloud, Black Elk and Billy Mills (Olympian)
    • Hunkpapa (meaning "Those who Camp by the Door" or "Wanderers")
      notable persons: Sitting Bull
    • Sihasapa (Blackfoot Sioux - not to be confused with the Algonquian-speaking Blackfeet)
    • Minniconjou ("Those who Plant by the Stream")
      notable persons: Lone Horn, Touch the Clouds
    • Sicangu (French: Brulé) ("Burnt Thighs")
    • Itazipacola (French: Sans Arcs "Without Bows")
    • Oohenonpa ("Two Kettles" or "Two Boilings")


Reserves and First Nations

Today, one half of all enrolled Sioux in the United States live off the reservation. Also, to be an enrolled member in any of the Sioux tribes in the United States, 1/4 degree blood quantum is required.

In Canada, the Canadian government calls tribal communities "First Nations." In Canada reservations are called "Reserves."

Reserve/ReservationCommunityBands residingLocation
Fort Peck Indian ReservationAssiniboine and Sioux TribesHunkpapa, Lower Yanktonai, Wahpekute, Sisseton, Wahpeton, Assiniboine (Canoe Paddler, Red Bottom)Montana, USA
Spirit Lake Reservation

(Formerly Devil's Lake Reservation)

Spirit Lake Tribe

(Mni Wakan Oyate)

Wahpeton, Sisseton, Upper YanktonaiNorth Dakota, USA
Standing Rock Indian ReservationStanding Rock Sioux TribeUpper Yanktonai, Hunkpapa, BlackfootNorth Dakota, South Dakota USA
Lake Traverse Indian ReservationSisseton Wahpeton OyateSisseton, WahpetonSouth Dakota, USA
Flandreau Indian ReservationFlandreau Santee Sioux TribeMdewakanton, Wahpekute, WahpetonSouth Dakota, USA
Cheyenne River Indian ReservationCheyenne River Sioux TribeMinneconjou, Blackfoot, Two Kettle, Sans ArcSouth Dakota, USA
Crow Creek Indian ReservationCrow Creek Sioux TribeLower YanktonaiSouth Dakota, USA
Lower Brule Indian ReservationLower Brule Sioux TribeBruléSouth Dakota, USA
Yankton Sioux Indian ReservationYankton Sioux TribeYanktonSouth Dakota, USA
Pine Ridge Indian ReservationOglala Sioux TribeOglala, few BruléSouth Dakota, USA
Rosebud Indian ReservationRosebud Sioux Tribe (also as Sicangu Lakota or Upper Brulé Sioux Nation)

(Sicangu Oyate)

Sicangu, few OglalaSouth Dakota, USA
Upper Sioux Indian ReservationUpper Sioux Community

(Pejuhutazizi Oyate)

Mdewakanton, Sisseton, WahpetonMinnesota, USA
Lower Sioux Indian ReservationLower Sioux Indian CommunityMdewakanton, WahpekuteMinnesota, USA
Shakopee-Mdewakanton Indian Reservation

(Formerly Prior Lake Indian Reservation)

Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux CommunityMdewakanton, WahpekuteMinnesota, USA
Prairie Island Indian CommunityPrairie Island Indian CommunityMdewakanton, WahpekuteMinnesota, USA
Mille Lacs Lake Indian ReservationMille Lacs Band of Ojibwe (Mille Lacs Indians, St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Minnesota)Ojibwa, MdewakantonMinnesota, USA
St. Croix Indian ReservationSt. Croix Chippewa Indians of WisconsinOjibwa, MdewakantonWisconsin, USA
Santee Indian ReservationSantee Sioux NationMdewakanton, WahpekuteNebraska, USA
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation Reserve, Fishing Station 62A Reserve*Sioux Valley First NationSisseton, Mdewakanton, Wahpeton, WahpekuteManitoba, Canada
Dakota Plains Indian Reserve 6ADakota Plains Wahpeton First NationWahpeton, SissetonManitoba, Canada
Dakota Tipi 1 ReserveDakota Tipi First NationWahpetonManitoba, Canada
Birdtail Creek 57 Reserve, Birdtail Hay Lands 57A Reserve, Fishing Station 62A Reserve*Birdtail Sioux First NationMdewakanton, Wahpekute, YanktonaiManitoba, Canada
Canupawakpa Dakota First Nation Reserve, Oak Lake 59A Reserve, Fishing Station 62A Reserve*Canupawakpa Dakota NationWahpekute, Wahpeton, YanktonaiManitoba, Canada
Standing Buffalo 78 ReserveStanding Buffalo Dakota First NationSisseton, WahpetonSaskatchewan, Canada
Whitecap ReserveWhitecap Dakota First NationWahpeton, SissetonSaskatchewan, Canada
 Dakota Plains Wahpeton First NationWahpetonSaskatchewan, Canada
Wood Mountain 160 Reserve, Treaty Four Reserve Grounds Indian Reservation 77*Wood MountainHunkpapaSaskatchewan, Canada
Carry the Kettle Nakota First Nation Indian Reserves, Assiniboine 76 Reserve, Treaty Four Reserve Grounds Indian Reservation 77*Carry the Kettle First NationAssiniboineSaskatchewan, Canada
Little Black Bear 84 Reserve, Treaty Four Reserve Grounds Indian Reservation 77*Little Black Bear Cree-Assiniboine First NationCree, AssiniboineSaskatchewan, Canada
Mosquito 109 Reserve, Grizzly Bear's Head 110 & Lean Man 111 Reserves, Mosquito, Grizzly Bear's Head, Lean Man Treaty Land Entitlement Indian Reserve 1, Golden Eagle Indian ReserveMosquito, Grizzly Bears Head, Lean Man First Nations (Mosquito, Grizzly Bear's Head, Lean Man)Assiniboine, CreeSaskatchewan, Canada
White Bear 70 Reserve, Treaty Four Reserve Grounds Indian Reservation 77*White Bear First NationAssiniboine, Cree, OjibwaSaskatchewan, Canada
Stoney 142-143-144 Reserves, Stoney 142B Reserve, Big Horn 144A Reserve, Eden Valley 216 ReserveBearpaw, Chiniki and WesleyStoneyAlberta, Canada
* Reserves shared with other First Nations

Sioux Books
Sioux Posters

Famous Sioux:

Little Crow (Taoyateduta)
Sitting Bull (Tatanka Iyotanke)
Rain-in-the-Face (Itonagaju)
Chief American Horse (Wasechum Tashunka)
Red Cloud (Makhpiya-luta)
Chief Gall (Pizi)
Spotted Tail (Sinte Gleska )
Two Strike (Nomkahpa)
Crazy Horse (Tasunka Witko)
Black Elk (Hehaka Sapa)
Lame Deer (Tahca Ushte)
Charles Eastman (Ohiyesa)
Chief Wabasha
Colonel Gregory "Pappy" Boyington
Robert "Tree" Cody
Elizabeth Cook-Lynn
Mary Crow Dog
Leonard Crow Dog
Fools Crow
Vine Deloria, Jr
Ella Carla Deloria (Anpetu Wastewin)
Indigenous (blues band)
Illinois Jacquet
Russell Means
Ed McGaa
Eddie Spears
Michael Spears
John Trudell
Floyd Red Crow Westerman
Susan La Flesche
Leonard Peltier

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